Consultant on best practice for community participation in environmental protection and monitoring

From 2013-2015, the Centre for Social Research and Development (CSRD) has been cooperating with Rosa Luxemburg Stifftung (RLS) with regard to hydropower issues in Central and Central Highlands of Vietnam, especially in Quang Binh, Thua Thien Hue, Quang Nam, Dak Nong and Dak Lak province.
We have tried to empower affected people with a participatory approach in hydropower development. Notable achievements have been the establishment of a communities network in the Central Region and increased capacity for people ro recognise their problems and advocate for their rights. We are continuing to support and monitor these achievements  to find solutions for urgent issues.
In other ways, we work with communities, the government agencies and hydropower investors to maintain the integrity of the environment and to provide solutions for affected communities.

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American students and Community-Based Ecotourism in Tam Giang Lagoon

Community-based  ecotourism is  a sustainable economy development trend worldwide in recent decades. The profits from this new operating model not only contribute to improve household income in rural, coastal and mountainous regions, but also increase awareness of local people on the value of natural resources.
On 29th September, 2016 the Study Aboard Program, School for International Training (SIT) associated with the Center for Social Research and Development (CSRD) to organize a community-based ecotourism for roughly 30 students from different universities of the United States in Ngu My Thanh Village, Quang Loi Commune, Quang Dien District, Thua Thien Hue Province. On behalf of the CSRD, Ms. Pham Thi Dieu My, Ms. Phan Thi Ngoc Thuy, who have extensive experience in the field of environment, gender and social development, supported and shared meaningful information with this student group.

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Introduction on the Tam Giang Lagoon area.
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American students get lesson learnt from local knowledge.

The tour purpose was to help American students learn the patterns of livelihood in one of the biggest lagoons in Southeast Asia and the ways in which a fishing community has responded to adapt with climate change and has conserved aquaculture environment around them.

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Discovery the Tam Giang Lagoon in small boats with local people.

It was wonderful experience for American students. Mr. Ha Binh and other local tour guides helped them to understand much on daily activity of local people there. This student group felt excited and really enjoyable when they practiced to catch “Tria” (a local shell type) as real fishermen and fisherwomen. The evening ended with Vietnamese cuisine prepared by the women’s union.

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Mr Ha Binh who commits to support for his community do community-based ecotourism activities in Quang Loi Commune.
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A lot of fun with a huge catch of Tria.

Emily Laura –an American student shared: “It’s great, thank you so much for the tour as well as the information that you’ve shared.”
At CSRD office, the student group had more time to discuss on other issues such as climate changeenvironment protection and hydropower development in the Central Region, the Central Highlands, Vietnam. Ms. Pham Thi Dieu My said: “We hope that what we have shared will be useful for students’ study and their work related to social and environmental development”.
All in all, this community-based ecotourism reached its aim successfully. Students felt very excited with their trip, local food and knowledge from CSRD’s staff.

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The students were very interested in developing projects in Vietnam.

In coming time, CSRD will continue our support toward community-based ecotourism activities in Ngu My Thanh Village and other potential areas. To get further details on community-based ecotourism and other development projects supported by CSRD, please contact us at the email address: info@www.csrd.vn

CSRD

Consultancy to conduct a research about pesticide usage and mapping pesticide warehouses in Thua Thien Hue province

The problems of agrochemical storage have not so far been adequately addressed. There are no comprehensive studies about the issues, and public awareness and opinion on the issue remains low.
In the framework of the project: “Improving understanding and action against Agrochemicals and water pollution in Central Vietnam” fund by Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung South East Asian (RLS SEA), Centre for Social Research and Development (CSRD), would like to call consultant to studying on pesticide usage and mapping pesticide warehouses in Thua Thien Hue.
1. Objective
Improve Knowledge and understanding on location of pesticide warehouses and polluted water spots posing a health/environment risk in Central Vietnam.
2. Tasks and deliverables
The consultant is sought to conduct a research about pesticide usage and mapping pesticide warehouses in Thua Thien Hue provinces with the task as below:
Activities
Establish maps of warehouse locations and their attribute data:
• Analyse the data and develop conceptual framework to put all together to make the maps.
• Digitise the warehouse locations by GPS and compile attribute data of map layer.
• Build First draft maps before roundtable for validation.
• Complete maps after receiving the feedback at the workshop
Output
• Map the location, characteristics of the repository and the surrounding area.
• 01 maps of pesticide warehouses of Hue provinces with brief description of each in their attribute data.

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Consultancy work for design questionnaire related to pesticide

Vietnam faces many serious environmental problems compounded by climate change and global warming: land degradation, air pollution, water pollution, deforestation, and declining biodiversity.

Now, the environmental pollution caused by the over use and defective storage of pesticides is becoming alarming. A large amount of now-obsolete pesticides remain in warehouses from the subsidy period 1975 – 1990 and are threatening the health of local people and degrading the environment. In addition, many farmers continue to overuse pesticides because of the propensity to diseases in agriculture induced by climate change effects, and the economic pressures they face to sustain high productivity.

Tasks and diliverables

The consultant is sought to conduct a research about pesticide usage and mapping pesticide warehouses in Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue provinces with the task as below:

  • Design questionaire

The researcher will deliver following output:

  • A questionnaire to interview and collect baseline data from relevant agencies at provincial and district levels DARD, DONRE, Plant protection offices, Environmental protection offices).

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Consultancy work for the research activities related to pesticide – Consultant 01

Vietnam faces many serious environmental problems compounded by climate change and global warming: land degradation, air pollution, water pollution, deforestation, and declining biodiversity.

Now, the environmental pollution caused by the over use and defective storage of pesticides is becoming alarming. A large amount of now-obsolete pesticides remain in warehouses from the subsidy period 1975 – 1990 and are threatening the health of local people and degrading the environment. In addition, many farmers continue to overuse pesticides because of the propensity to diseases in agriculture induced by climate change effects, and the economic pressures they face to sustain high productivity.

Responsibilities

In order to achieve the assignment’s objective, as outlined above, the consultant team will be required to perform the following tasks:
Main consultants:

  • Closely work with the team of CSRD to get information related to research activities;
  • Follow the structure for research report recommended by CSRD;
  • Closely work with CSRD researchers to build up high quality maps.

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Consultancy work for the research activities related to pesticide in Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue province

Vietnam faces many serious environmental problems compounded by climate change and global warming: land degradation, air pollution, water pollution, deforestation, and declining biodiversity.
Now, the environmental pollution caused by the over use and defective storage of pesticides is becoming alarming. A large amount of now-obsolete pesticides remain in warehouses from the subsidy period 1975 – 1990 and are threatening the health of local people and degrading the environment. In addition, many farmers continue to overuse pesticides because of the propensity to diseases in agriculture induced by climate change effects, and the economic pressures they face to sustain high productivity.

Objective

Knowledge and understanding on location of pesticide warehouses and polluted water spots posing a health/environment risk in Central Vietnam improved

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Consultancy work for the research activities related to pesticide – Consultant 02

Vietnam faces many serious environmental problems compounded by climate change and global warming: land degradation, air pollution, water pollution, deforestation, and declining biodiversity.

Now, the environmental pollution caused by the over use and defective storage of pesticides is becoming alarming. A large amount of now-obsolete pesticides remain in warehouses from the subsidy period 1975 – 1990 and are threatening the health of local people and degrading the environment. In addition, many farmers continue to overuse pesticides because of the propensity to diseases in agriculture induced by climate change effects, and the economic pressures they face to sustain high productivity.

Responsibilities

In order to achieve the assignment’s objective, as outlined above, the consultant team will be required to perform the following tasks:
Main consultants:

  • Closely work with the team of CSRD to get information related to research activities;
  • Follow the structure for research report recommended by CSRD;
  • Closely work with CSRD researchers to build up high quality maps.

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Consultancy work for the research activities related to pestiside

The problems of agrochemical storage have not so far been adequately addressed. There are no comprehensive studies about the issues, and public awareness and opinion on the issue remains low.
In the framework of the project: “Improving understanding and action against Agrochemicals and water pollution in Central Vietnam” fund by Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung South East Asian (RLS SEA), Centre for Social Research and Development (CSRD), would like to call consultant to studying on pesticide usage and mapping pesticide warehouses in Thua Thien Hue.

Activities

– Conduct a desk study about the pesticide use in 02 provinces Thua Thien Hue and Quang Tri.

– Conduct a field study to collect baseline data and collection for mapping pesticide warehouse locations and their current situation in Thua Thien Hue and Quang Tri province (including: design questionnaire, field trip, writing report).

– Establish maps of warehouse locations and their attribute data (including: first draft map and final map).

-Write a technical report on pesticide usage with the compilation the performance of maps.

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Gender needs and roles in building climate resilience in Hue City, Vietnam

Gender roles in building climate resilience are an emerging issue worldwide – so it is important to understand the drivers of gender-specific vulnerabilities, needs, and capacities with respect to climate change. These include health and social, political and economic contexts, which, when combined with other social changes such as urbanisation, are likely to exacerbate climate change impacts.
This working paper examines gender roles in building climate resilience in Hue City. We conducted participatory research in 12 wards using the City Resilience Framework (Arup, 2014) to engage with local authorities, people and city planners. Hue City has its own special identity that significantly influences its resilience to climate change: health and well-being have been improved by investment in healthcare. The society and economy of Hue are more stable than many other cities. The municipal government has taken some action to improve climate change resilience while the infrastructure and environment have been considerably upgraded, contributing to better resilience.

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The team working in Thuan Loc ward, Hue city. (Photo: CSRD)

In relation to gender roles, our study found that men and women at a grassroots level have different vulnerabilities and contribute differently to building climate resilience in Hue City. Women play key roles in sustaining and enhancing the health and well-being of people within their community and accruing funds for households, communities, and society. They also take part in organising mutual support for each other during times of disruption. By comparison, men are more engaged in activities relating to safety, security and other continuity plans within their communities. However, at the management level, we found that women hold only minor roles. There are therefore significant opportunities to challenge gender-based conceptions of capacity and responsibility, and to improve the gender sensitivity of decision-making processes and forums. This could significantly enhance the resilience of the people living in Hue City.
More information IIED report at here
Source: http://pubs.iied.org/10780IIED.html

When will the suffering end for the people affected by hydropower dams

Serepok River is a tributary of the Mekong River. According to research by experts at home and abroad, Srepok river was assessed as potential hydropower and irrigation to contribute to the economic development of Đắk Lắk province and central highlands.
Buon Kuop hydropower projects with installed capacity of 280 MW and 68.7 MW capacity guarantee is built on the Srepok river districts of Krong No district and Krong Ana district. Estimated total investment of hydropower projects is 4,588.125 million dong Buon Kuop.
Situated in the reservoir area was 2 Ea Na, Krong Ana district, Dak Lak province and Nam Da commune, Krong No, Dal Nong province.
Buon Kuop Hydropower dam, has resulted in devastating social and environmental impacts. The people living in the Ea Na area, Krong Ana district, Dak Lak province are very poor. The operation of the hydropower dam has caused environmental degradation, increasingly degraded forests, contaminated water sources and erosion of the river banks. In addition, the fishery resources in the rivers are declining, livelihoods and the lives of the people dependent on the river resources are increasingly precarious.
‘Our life before the hydropower dam was not this difficult, but since the dam was built and the river is drying up life is becoming harder. People like us who can not reflect to the government the difficulties that we are encountering until Centre for Social Research and Development (CSRD) organize seminars, forums’,
Mr Yhai Kbuor, Village Chief of Buon Drai, Ea Na Commune, Krong Ana district, Dak Lak province, said.
Some families have been resettled to new areas but the land they have been given is not suitable to grow enough food. Many children have been forced to drop out of school early in order to work to provide money to help their parents buy food.

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Children have to work to earn a living, economic help for the family more.

The people are struggling but so far the issues they face have not been resolved. They still live in difficult deprivation and fear daily of the effect of the hydroelectric power dam. The future generations of these people are at great risk. They have sacrificed for the development of Viet Nam with no help in their difficult lives. There needs to be a clear definitive way to solve the issues these people face so that the benefits can be shared equally.

By Thanh Tam